Pediatric Dentistry

Pediatric dentistry is the study, practice, teaching and research of oral care for infants, children and adolescents including those with special needs. This includes prevention, diagnosis and treatment of dental diseases and injuries.


A good pediatric dentist will use positive reinforcement and a friendly tone to build trust with children. This makes them easier to treat and will allow the child to have a pleasant experience.

Dental Hygiene

Dental hygiene involves keeping the mouth clean and healthy. This includes brushing and flossing, as well as regular dental checkups.

Good dental hygiene can reduce the need for fillings, crowns and other extensive work. It can also help prevent serious health problems like heart disease and stroke.

A hygienist’s license typically requires completing an accredited dental hygiene program and passing a state exam. Hygienists should also have Basic Life Support (CPR) certification. States differ in licensing requirements and scope of practice restrictions, ranging from direct supervision to complete autonomy.

Prevention of Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is a treatable disease, but only if it’s caught early. Pediatric dentists are trained to identify the first signs of tooth decay in infants and children, and they can quickly treat the problem to halt its progression.

Limiting snacks between meals will give bacteria in the mouth less sugar to turn into acids that wear away at teeth. Kids should also drink plenty of fluoridated water.

Researchers are working on new ways to prevent tooth decay, including using the sweetener xylitol and materials that release fluoride over time in the pits and fissures of teeth. Pediatric dentists can discuss these options with parents and kids.

Treatment of Tooth Decay

Tooth decay, or dental caries, is best treated when it is in the earliest stages. These earliest stages do not cause symptoms but can be spotted by your dentist or dental hygienist during examination and with X-rays.

At this early stage, a fluoride treatment may stop and even reverse the cavity in the outer enamel surface of your child’s tooth. This treatment is liquid, gel or foam that is brushed onto the teeth or placed in a tray that fits over them.

The most common treatment for cavities is a filling. A tooth colored filling restores the tooth both to health and its original cosmetic appearance.

Treatment of Dental Caries

Caries, also known as cavities, are a bacterial disease that affects the hard and soft tissues of the teeth. When left untreated, it can progress to a cavitated lesion (dentin) that exposes the inner tooth pulp and causes pain when eating or chewing.

Pediatric dentists are trained to recognize and treat dental caries in the primary and permanent teeth. They utilize smaller medical tools that are better suited for children’s mouths and can help prevent the onset of tooth decay. They also provide guidance to parents on effective home care and dietary habits.

Treatment of Dental Trauma

Dental trauma often results from accidents or injuries and can be painful. A pediatric dentist is trained to treat these emergencies with care and compassion.

For example, when an infant loses a baby tooth, the dentist might recommend splinting the tooth in place. This reduces the risk of permanent tooth loss.

A pediatric dentist can also help kids establish healthy oral hygiene habits and prevent dental problems. These include teaching them proper diet, thumb sucking and pacifier use, and the importance of regular brushing and flossing.

Treatment of Dental Emergencies

Pediatric dentists can use their specialized training to treat dental accidents and emergencies, like a lost or broken tooth. They can also help children develop good oral hygiene habits, including the proper way to brush and floss their teeth.

Pediatric dentists can also help parents establish a healthy eating and drinking routine that will reduce the risk of dental problems in the future, such as decay, malocclusion or bone loss. They can also advise on thumb sucking and pacifier use, as well as smoking cessation. The longer dental issues go untreated, the more damage they can cause.

Treatment of Dental Abscesses

Pediatric dentists can use antibiotics to prevent the infection from spreading and to relieve pain. These may include fourth-generation cephalosporins such as azelastine and metronidazole or carbapenems such as meropenem.

If the tooth is causing a lot of pain and you can’t reach a dentist, visit an emergency room. A dental abscess is dangerous and can cause fever, swelling in the face or jaw, difficulty swallowing and difficulty breathing.

Pediatric dentistry is a specialization that includes advanced training and experience beyond dental school for treating children’s teeth, mouth and gums from infancy through adolescence, including those with special health care needs.

Treatment of Dental Abnormalities

Pediatric dentists are trained to diagnose and treat heritable dental anomalies. Children with heritable dental developmental disorders often have complex oral health care needs that require both immediate and long-term management.

A dental injury can be a frightening experience for children and their parents. Pediatric dentists can treat dental injuries such as cracked or knocked out teeth. They can also treat displaced primary teeth and advise parents on thumb sucking, pacifier use or mouth guards. They can even help a child who experiences a jaw fracture.

Treatment of Dental Injuries

When children suffer dental accidents they require special care. Pediatric dentistry can help treat all types of injuries that affect the mouth and teeth.

The treatment of mouth injuries depends on how they happened, which regions were affected, and the severity of the injury. Wounds in the lip usually heal with scarring, while tears in the frenulum may require stitches to close properly.

Often, children sustain dental trauma through falls or sports-related incidents. The dentist can assess the damage and recommend appropriate treatment. The procedure can prevent permanent tooth loss or serious oral complications.

Treatment of Dental Problems

Teaching children good oral hygiene practices can greatly reduce the risk of tooth decay and dental problems in adulthood. Pediatric dentists can advise parents on proper teeth brushing, use of toothpaste, thumb-sucking and pacifier cessation, and other related topics.

Pediatric dentists are trained to work with young children and understand how to make treatments more comfortable for them. This is important since kids are notorious for their mood swings and resistance to painful procedures. In addition to this, they use special equipment and waiting room materials designed for kids.